"The long-term climate change is like riding up an escalator over time, and things like El Niño and La Niña are like jumping up and down on that escalator", Arndt said. According to the researchers, "the average Arctic land surface temperature was 3.6°F (2.0°C) above the 1981-2010 average, breaking the previous record of 2007, 2011, and 2015 by 1.4°F (0.8°C), representing a 6.3°F (3.5°C) increase since records began in 1900".
Via NOAA: "The global average concentration of carbon dioxide hit a record high in 2016".
Scientists also observed an increase in extreme water cycles around the world with many parts of the globe experiencing major floods while other are facing severe droughts.
"The major indicators of climate change continued to reflect trends consistent with a warming planet".
During this year's G20 summit in July in Hamburg, Germany, the leaders of major world economies mounted a almost united opposition front against the USA on a range of issues, including climate change, trade and migrant policies. "There are no alternative explanations".
While the findings in Thursday's report were limited to 2016, NOAA scientists said there's been little, if any, letup in climate trends this year.
The New York Times on Wednesday retracted its claim from a front-page Tuesday story that it exclusively obtained a draft government climate report.
But it's not a gauntlet laid down by outside scientists or activists.
But, as with many reports from federal agencies, there is a period of public comment before a final report is issued.
And while it was prepared largely under the Obama administration, it's not a political document. The accumulation of scientific data on global warming has put pressure on the US coal industry, which is already suffering because of competition from cheap natural gas prices and renewable energy. "It is also the most up-to-date one, since the latest IPCC report is now four years old". Nick Crossley, emergency management director for Ohio's Hamilton County, which includes Cincinnati, said his agency dealt with more flash flooding than usual past year.
The article later states "scientists fear the Trump administration could change or suppress the report". For the first time in 800,000 years, the 400 ppm is left behind, according to NOAA's report.
In other words, it has passed all the usual tests for scientific integrity.
Despite the correction, the Times piece still contains language worrying that "the Trump administration could change or suppress the report". She then furnished a link to the National Academies Press website where the full draft was available for free. They can approve it either as it is now written or with changes from the political team in the White House.
CNN was told the version of the draft that is awaiting Trump administration approval has since been revised twice, although the main findings of the report are still in line with the findings in the version of the draft published by the Times.
The draft report makes clear the depth and breadth of the evidence for how and why the climate is being disrupted.
Since the air temperature over the sea is at an all-time high in 2016, it only follows that the seas would get affected as well.
But as humanity continues to rely on fossil fuels for energy unprecedented levels of greenhouse gases are polluting the atmosphere, acting like a blanket to capture heat around the Earth, the report emphasized.
And it states unequivocally that "greater emissions lead to significantly more warming".
NOAA report co-editor Deke Arndt said the only notable normal global measure in 2016 was snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere.
Last week, Trump's administration formally told the United Nations that the US intends to pull out of the global climate accord signed in 2015, in which almost 200 nations pledged to reduce carbon emissions. A record large El Nino, the warming of the central Pacific that changes weather worldwide, was also a big factor in last year's wild weather.
The heat of the embarrassment is so hot that I swear I feel it in California!